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Possible Treatments Of Constipation: An overview.

Possible Treatments Of Constipation: An overview.

Possible Treatments Of Constipation: An overview.

The first choice in treating constipation is a change of diet. People with constipation are advised to eat.more foods high in dietary fiber, decrease dairy, egg, and meat products to a healthy balance, and increasenthe amount of water and non-caffeinated beverages they drink. They are also encouraged to increase their level of physical activity and respond promptly to the urge to have a bowel movement.

When changes in diet and exercise do not work, laxatives can be used to stimulate movement of the bowels. Many types of laxatives can be purchased without a prescription. However, laxative dependency can become a problem with all laxatives.

People who.have been using laxatives regularly and wish to stop.should reduce their use gradually. Each type of laxative has benefits and drawbacks. Individuals should discuss which one is best for them with their healthcare provider or pharmacist. Laxatives usually take 6–12 hours to stimulate a bowel movement.

Bulk-forming or fiber supplement laxatives are generally the safest type of laxative. Some common brand names of fiber-supplement laxatives are Meta-mucil, Citrocel, Fiberall, Konsyl, and Serutan. These must be taken with water.

They provide extra fiber thatnabsorbs water and helps keep the stool soft. The extra bulk also helps move materials through the colon.

Stool softeners help prevent the stool from drying out. They are recommended for people who should not strain to have a bowel movement, for example, people recovering from abdominal surgeries or childbirth. Brand names include Colace and Surfak.

Stimulant laxatives such as Ducolax, Senokot, Correctol, and Purge increase the rhythmic contractions of the colon and move the material along faster.

Lubricants add grease to the stool so that it moves more easily through the colon. Mineral oil is the most common lubricant.

Saline laxatives such as Milk of Magnesia draw water from the body into the colon to help soften and move the stool.

In the case of serious constipation, prescription drugs such as tegaserod (Zelnorm) may be used under the supervision of a doctor.

Other medical treatment involves treating the underlying cause of the constipation such as changing a medication, removing tumors, or correcting a hormonal imbalance.

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